thousand-year history, Armenian national dance art derives its origin from
a pre-Christian period-time marked by the worship of pagancy. On the whole,
the Armenian dance art has long been one of the most revealing expressions
of its character and aesthetic thinking as well as highlights its national
idiosyncrasy, inner world and attitude towards nature and life at large.
In these latter days, the Republic of Armenia, being one of the smallest parts
of remote Historical Armenia, is enormously rich with its national dances
and folk songs.
Stemming from pagan rituals and games, prevalent by then, Armenian national
dance art has reached to us in the form of various group dances, which, according
to their nature and performance, are divided into 3 forms. These are: ritual,
religious and those of daily performance.
Of Armenian old dances, wedding and round dances "Gyovnd", performed
by men, women and collectively, were once spread especially in the regions
of Historical Armenia, such as Western Armenia, which, unfortunately, is under
the sway of Turkey nowadays.
The composure and entertainment of Armenian nature is notably expressed through
the dances with fruits and cups.
The main features of Armenian folk dance art are, as it were, preserved in
modern Armenian group dances, involving men and women national and traditional
Among men, to begin with, it manifests itself by remarkable adroitness, joyfulness
and virility. Among women, however, the grace, expressiveness of movements
has crystallized the spirituality, decency and worldly tenderness of Armenian
Of rather old origin are Armenian heroic, warlike men dances that truly represent
their resolute nature. The constituent elements of said dances are taken from
military actions, hunting, training games and jokes. Other men group dances
reveal different work activities, such as, for example, shepherd dance with
sticks and belts preformed by men in ancient Armenia and many others.
More vivid expression in men dance art acquires the straight and stately posture,
along with strong and decisive movements common to mountain dwellers, in which
the invincible spirit, freedom-loving character, united will-power and bellicose
nature finds its precise reflection.
In like manner, different occasions displaying the daily life of women such
as field and housework, flower-gathering, dances preformed around the fountain
constitute the content of the dance art performed by women.
The features most common to Armenian women in this regard are unique stateliness,
indescribable flexibility, gentleness and expressiveness of their hands as
well as accentuated modesty.
It is noteworthy, that it is the particularly the gracious and smooth movements
of hands derived from ornamental and miniature painting patterns, medieval
Cross-stones (Khachkar) that are brought to expression in the said mode of
More than anything else, it is the fine-spun, gold-knit costumes that make
the movements of Armenian women gentile and fine.
Historical costumes used throughout the centuries overtly emphasize the fine
taste and aesthetic characteristics of Armenians.
Furthermore, having survived through the various historical challenges, Armenians
managed to sustain their ethnic dance art, which is best manifested performed
by Dance Ensemble "BERT".
The performance programme of Dance Ensemble "BERT" embraces the
inimitable characteristics of various geographic regions as well as national
and traditional dance art of both Historical Armenia and Republic of Armenia
and, in this way, represents Armenian dance art as a coherent whole.